A History of Palestine, 634-1099 by Moshe Gil

By Moshe Gil

This was once the 1st complete historical past of Palestine from the Muslim conquest in 634 to that of the Crusaders in 1099. it's a 1992 translation and revised model of quantity I of Palestine through the First Muslim interval which was once released in Hebrew in 1983 and provides an authoritative survey of the early mediaeval Islamic and Jewish worlds. in keeping with a magnificent array of resources together with records from the Cairo Geniza assortment, the writer examines the lives of the Jewish, Christian and Muslim groups of Palestine opposed to a history of the political and armed forces occasions of the interval. particular consciousness is paid to the background of Palestinian Jews below Muslim rule. an important source for college students and experts of mediaeval Islamic and Jewish background, non secular reports and for an individual attracted to the historical past of the Holy Land.

Professor Gil starts via reviewing the political and armed forces occasions in Palestine ahead of and after the Arab invasion. Later chapters discover the Abbasid, Tiiliinid, Ikhshidid and Fatimid classes, in which time Palestine used to be a nearly perpetual battlefield for states, armies and factions. by contrast backdrop of clash and administrative alterations, the writer portrays the typical lifetime of Palestine and its population. He appears to be like on the fiscal historical past of Palestine- its agriculture, shipping amenities, exports and structures of taxation- in addition to the non secular prestige ofJerusalem, the character of Islam's tolerance in the direction of Jews and Christians and the prestige, management and customs of the Christian population. particular recognition is paid to the heritage of Palestinian Jews lower than Muslim rule. Professor Gil information their topography, monetary actions and non secular lifestyles; he explores the Karaite and Samaritan groups and discusses the function of the main favorite Jewish establishment, the yeshiva.

"A historical past of Palestine, 634-1099" relies on a magnificent array of resources. Professor Gil has conscientiously learn the greater than 1,000 records of the Cairo Geniza assortment and those are paralleled through Arabic, Syriac, Latin and Greek fabric. This huge research could be learn by way of scholars and experts of mediaeval Islamic and Jewish heritage and spiritual experiences and by means of someone attracted to the background of the Holy Land.

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Extra resources for A History of Palestine, 634-1099

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See his remarks on the Arabs on pp. 639ff; Narrationes, MPG, 79, 627f. Methodius, Bishop of Patara (in Asia Minor) also describes the Arabs in dark colours, and points out that they do not respect either education or social institutions. The apocalypse of pseudo-Methodius also mentions that they have no respect for the elderly, for orphans, for pregnant women or priests. I7 THE CONQUEST [20] One of the means by which the Byzantine ruler hoped to prevent the nomadic tribes' invasion into Palestinian territory was to form alliances with those tribes who inhabited regions along the borders.

He will turn their worship into infamy and lessen their kingdom. What Daniel al-Qiimisi meant was that the kingdom of Ishmael would abolish Christian rule over Jerusalem. 12 11 12 See Fredegarius, 153, 409; see also Mabillon, Book XI, par. 39, pp. , par. 62, on forced baptism in 627, after Dagobert submits to pressure on the part of Church circles. bar, II, 457; Goffart, Speculum, 38(1963), 237, brings the story from Fredegarius as pure legend, ignoring the Muslim sources. DTC, X, 2296. According to Ibn al-Rahib, 121, Heraclius' decrees required the apostasy ofbothJews and Samaritans.

18-26] [19] Some of the writings of the Church Fathers who were active in Palestine describe Arab raids in the period before Islam and the murdering and marauding they carried out. These accounts are particularly concerned with the monasterial estates. For instance, Ioannes Moschus (who fled from Palestine because of the Persians, lived in Rome towards the end of his life and died in 620), writes about what happened to Gerontius, father of the monastery ofSt Euthymius. He was staying at the time in the mountains near the Dead Sea (evidently in the neighbourhood of EinGedi) together with two other monks, and they witnessed an attack on a monk which led to his death on the shores of the Dead Sea at the hands of Saracens, during which one of the attackers even beheaded the monk.

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