By Professor (Chair) Randy J Lapolla, Chenglong Huang
Qiang is a Tibeto-Burman language of southwest China, spoken through approximately 70,000 Qiang and Tibetan humans in northern Sichuan Province. This publication, the 1st book-length description of the Qiang language in English, comprises not just the reference grammar, but in addition an ethnological review, numerous absolutely analyzed texts (mostly conventional tales) and an annotated thesaurus. The language is verb ultimate, and agglutinative (prefixing and suffixing), with a truly advanced phonological method and either head-marking and established marking morphology. it is going to be of use to typologists, comparativists, Sino-Tibetanists, anthropologists, and linguists as a rule.
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Qiang is a Tibeto-Burman language of southwest China, spoken by way of approximately 70,000 Qiang and Tibetan humans in northern Sichuan Province. This booklet, the 1st book-length description of the Qiang language in English, contains not just the reference grammar, but additionally an ethnological evaluate, numerous absolutely analyzed texts (mostly conventional tales) and an annotated word list.
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Additional resources for A Grammar of Qiang: With Annotated Texts and Glossary
The prefix). 12) a. b. c. d. a må˙a Æoneﬂ + NEG + DIR + Æoneﬂ + gu˙ ≥u˙ dzu˙ tu Æbasketﬂ > COP > Æsitﬂ > Æspanﬂ > ag‘u‘˙ må≥‘u‘˙ ˙z‘u‘˙ åt‘u Æone basketfullﬂ Æis notﬂ Æsit! (imperative)ﬂ Æone handspanﬂ If the final is /˙/, then it is simply dropped. 1. 13) a. b. c. d. ˙s˙b˙ tsu˙ + + Æbeeﬂ + Æwaterﬂ + DIR DIR dz˙ t˚h˙ ≈®˙ Â˙ Æeatﬂ Ædrinkﬂ Æmanureﬂ Æoxﬂ > > > > ˙z s˙t˚ b˙≈® tsu˙Â Æeat! (imperative)ﬂ Ædrink! g. [p˙s] Ætodayﬂ (< p˙-s˙), but [p˙su-quå] Æthis morningﬂ. e. g. there are two forms [p˙k] Æarrive thereﬂ and [p˙l] Æarrive hereﬂ.
The noun The noun in Qiang may be defined as a free form that can be followed by an (in)definite marker26 and a numeral-classifier phrase or number marking, and is generally not predicative without the use of a copula. Some nouns can also take gender and diminutive marking. 2, and can appear as the complement of a copula clause. Aside from being the head of a noun phrase, nouns can be used to modify other nouns directly (appearing immediately before the modified noun) or in a genitive phrase (also pre-head, with or Structure 43 without a genitive postposition).
2). This r-coloring is often lost in rapid speech, and it seems that it is being lost completely among the younger people, as there is variation and uncertainty about its use. The r-coloring also often appears on words followed by the expression meaning Æallﬂ. This meaning is variously expressed as [wu], [le-wu], [©le-wu], [leﬁwu], [-eﬁwu], and [-ﬁwu]. 3) a. b. c. d. 3). Following are some examples of contrasting r-colored and non-r-colored vowels, and long and short r-colored vowels. 4. 3. 1) has affected the syllable canon, which is given in Figure 1: (C) (Ci) (V) V (V) (C) (C f) [fric] [glide] [glide][fric] Figure 1.