By Christopher Corèdon, Ann Williams
An curiosity within the heart a while frequently brings the non-specialist reader up brief opposed to a be aware or time period which isn't understood or basically imperfectly understood. This dictionary is meant to place an finish to all that: it's been designed to be of actual support to normal readers and experts alike. The dictionary comprises a few 3,400 phrases as headwords, starting from the criminal and ecclesiastic to the extra prosaic phrases of everyday life. Latin used to be the language of the church, legislation and executive, and lots of Latin phrases illustrated listed here are usually present in sleek books of heritage of the interval; equally, the fitting which means of outdated English and center English phrases may possibly elude today's reader: this dictionary endeavours to supply readability. as well as definition, etymologies of many phrases are given, within the trust that figuring out the starting place and evolution of a be aware supplies a greater realizing. There also are examples of medieval phrases and words nonetheless in use this day, one other relief to clarifying which means.
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Extra resources for A Dictionary of Medieval Terms and Phrases
Crossbow; Longbow Arches, Court of. See Curia de Arcubus Arcuation. A curve shaped like an arch or bow; ‘arcuated’ is the adjectival form. Ard-ri. High king of Ireland. High kings ruled in Ireland but rarely without some opposition, as they were not always acknowledged by provincial kings. Argent. Her. A white or silver *tincture. Argenteus. A silver shilling. [L argenteus = silver (adjective)] Arglwydd. The Welsh word for a lord, or one of the lesser rulers within Wales. When translated into Latin, dominus was used.
It is readily treatable today with antibiotics such as tetracycline, but not penicillin. In 1348 there was also a ‘great *murrain’ which killed large numbers of sheep. e. 6s 8d. By 1400, the population had approximately halved from around 5 million in 1300. – Cf. Mortalité des enfants; Sweating sickness Black friars. Colloquial term for the *Dominicans. Black letter. Typographer’s phrase for the Gothic fonts used from the beginning of printing, which persisted particularly in Germany. Black monks.
G. at meal time in the *frater. – Cf. previous; Scriptorium Armed. Her. Term used when the teeth or claws of an animal are shown in a *tincture different from the animal’s body. Armes courtoises. The general term for the arms employed in tournaments which had had their ‘killing edge’ removed: swords were blunted and the points of lances changed to minimise the danger of fatal injuries. e. *courtly love, the convention prescribing how ladies and their knights conducted themselves. – Cf. À plaisir; Arms, Statute of; Coronal; Curtana Armet.